UNDP Colombia, ADELCO
One-third of the world’s population in total – and one third of those living in extreme poverty – is located in fragile or conflict-affected settings. Women and children in particular are the categories of civilian populations most disproportionately impacted by armed conflict – even in some cases long after the cessation of hostilities. Out of the 34 countries furthest from reaching the MDGs in 2015, 22 are either mired in or emerging from conflict. The World Development Report (2011) estimates the annual costs of violence at approximately USD 100 billion, by far exceeding the amounts of aid received by these countries. The nature of conflict has also changed over the past decades and it is now much more decentralised, finding its roots in inequalities and exclusions experienced in communities, villages and cities, and in the resulting loss of trust in the will and power of the state to address these woes.