The 3rd World Forum on Local Economic Development is organized by the Executive Committee which is composed by the Municipality and Metropolitan City of Turin, the global network of United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) and its Committee on Local Economic Development, through the Andalusian Fund of Municipalities for International Solidarity (FAMSI), the Organization of United Regions (ORU FOGAR), the Brazilian Service of Support for Micro and Small Enterprises (SEBRAE), the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Turin is an important business and cultural center and the capital city in the Northern Italian region of Piedmont. As the first Italian capital city in 1861, it used to be a major European political center. Nowadays, it is one of Italy’s main industrial hubs and Italy’s second export area. In the years Turin has been able to renovate itself becoming also a center of excellence in the field of research, technology and innovation. The path of the City of Turin at the international level is fostered by the participation in several international networks and associations which allows the city to develop various international cooperation projects and to exchange best practices.
Since the 1st January 2015 the Metropolitan City of Turin has taken place of the Province of Turin. The Metropolitan City of Turin is the intermediate local level of government between the Municipality of Turin and the Piedmont Region. Located in the north-west of the Italian peninsula the Metropolitan City of Turin has highest number of municipalities; it is the first intermediate Italian authorities in terms of territorial extension and it is one of the most populated with a demographic density, almost double than the Italian former Provinces average.
United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) is an organization with the mission of representing and defending the interests of local governments on the world stage, regardless of the size of the communities they serve. Founded in 2004, UCLG intends to be the united voice and world advocate of democratic local self-government, promoting its values, objectives and interests, through cooperation between local governments, and within the wider international community. Over 1000 cities across 95 countries are part of UCLG and 112 Local Government Associations (LGAs) are members of UCLG, representing almost every existing LGA in the world.
The Organization of United Regions (ORU FOGAR) is a worldwide association of regions with the main objective of making the regions voices heard within the globalization process by developing local democracy and promoting a global policy of balanced development and territorial cohesion. Created in 2007, the ORU FOGAR aims at making new multi-level strategic governance rules including the sub national level and promoting exchanges between the members. Through its seventeen networks of founding Regions from all five continents, the ORU FOGAR includes more than 900 Regions thus, it is the unique representative body of Regions seeking recognition as major player of global governance.
The Andalusian Fund of Municipalities for International Solidarity (FAMSI) is a network of local governments and other organization established in 2000 with the aim of coordinating the interest and the technical and financial resources aimed at international cooperation for local human development. The objective of FAMSI is to promote a more equitable world through cooperation of local governments and Andalusian solidarity by promoting coordination processes, participation and networking.
The Brazilian Service of Support for Micro and Small Enterprises (SEEBRAE) is a private non-profit organization established in 1972, which mission is “to promote competitiveness and sustainable development of small business and promote entrepreneurship, to strengthen the national economy.” Through the development of partnerships with the private and public sectors, SEBRAE promotes training programs, encourages associations, foster the territorial development, market access, technological innovation and improves the business environment. SEBRAE is present in all Brazilian states in more than 600 offices and points of service, with more than 5,000 employees and 9,000 consultants.
The ILO’s approach to local economic development (LED) aims to promote decent work – productive employment that delivers a fair income, provides social protection, and allows women and men to participate meaningfully in the development process. It does this by: focusing on a specific territory or area; targeting sectors with economic potential; linking job quality to enterprise competitiveness; building capacity of local and national employers’, workers’ and social economy organizations; prioritizing strategies and tools that benefit the poor. The ILO strategy addresses the need for practical decent work policies and programmes from the outset, while encompassing both rural and urban economies in a coherent and integrated manner. The LED approach has been used successfully, with ILO support, by 36 countries around the world.
UNDP partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in more than 170 countries and territories, UNDP offer global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations. In its Strategic Plan 2014-2017, UNDP prioritizes the local dimension and calls for effective local governance and improved service delivery, addressing the challenges of LED. UNDP launched the ART Initiative in 2006 as an operational platform bringing together different development actors – local and regional authorities, national governments, civil society organizations, private sector and academia – in support of Sustainable Human Development (SHD) at the local level.